Both approaches have been shown to have merit, but how do traits and behaviors work together, and is one approach better than the other? A new meta-analysis looked at evidence from 79 previously published studies to attempt to answer this question.
Choosing a manager versed in behavioral approaches to leadership can help a small business handle the varied human resource problems that occur over a given workday. The more behavioral tools a manager has, the easier it is to keep workers motivated and on task. Task-Oriented Behavior A professional using a task-oriented approach to business management focuses on planning, coordinating and assigning employee tasks.
Employee-Oriented Approach An employee-oriented approach to business management places emphasis on the interpersonal relationships of workers. This type of manager wants employees to have positive working relationships and strives to create a welcoming office environment.
For example, an employee-oriented manager may require group lunch breaks to encourage socializing and limit the number of employees who eat alone.
Path-Goal Theory Path-goal leadership theory is a situational style of behavioral management in which the work environment and the characteristics of employees influence which behavioral approach to management is most effective. Path-goal leadership has four leadership types: Determining which behavioral approach to use requires a manager to consider employee skills, experience, nature of the assignment, dynamic of the work group and the office environment.
For example, a manager working with inexperienced employees may need to utilize the supportive or participative aspects of path-goal leadership to help workers achieve project goals.
Conversely, a manager working with experienced, but unproductive employees may utilize the directive or achievement-oriented approaches to increase worker focus and productivity.
These theories also assume that humans can never completely satisfy needs and that the need for satisfaction motivates behavior. Examining this hierarchy and determining what needs are lacking help a manager change workplace culture and behavior to increase motivation.
For example, employees not receiving meal breaks may have glaring psychological needs to eat. Scheduling regular meal breaks meets these psychological needs and boosts morale.Explain the style/behavioral approach and two general kinds of behaviors.
What is the central purpose of the style approach?
The style approach emphasizes the behavior of the leader. The behavioral approach focuses on what leaders do and how they act. Two general kinds of behaviors are: task. The main approaches to leadership theory are: The Qualities or Traits approach: leaders are born, not made; leadership consists of certain inherited personality traits or qualities.
Examines how the leader’s behaviour affects and is . The main approaches to leadership theory are: The Qualities or Traits approach: leaders are born, not made; leadership consists of certain inherited personality traits or qualities.
Examines how the leader’s behaviour affects and is affected by the group of followers. No other leadership behavior had a bigger effect on employees across the outcomes we measured. Being treated with respect was more important to employees than recognition and appreciation.
After several decades of leadership research that attempted to identify the specific and unique traits characteristic of those in supervisory positions, academic research shifted to pursue the patterns of behavior exhibited by those who were influential in and around positions of formal leadership.
For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success.
This behavior-focused approach provides real marketing potential, as behaviors can be conditioned in a manner that one can have a specific response to specific stimuli.