Review of related literature in the effects of using instructional materials

Teach essential content knowledge so that all students master critical concepts The five recommendations made here are based on a review and analysis of a number of recent, more or less comprehensive documents produced by scholars and organizations as they considered the research literature on adolescent literacy. It is important to understand from the outset that the five areas of instructional improvement we identify in this document are not an exhaustive list. Our goal was to synthesize the documents listed above and identify a limited number of high leverage improvements — those that seem most central to the goal of improving adolescent literacy and those most likely to produce significant long-term improvements if they are widely and effectively implemented.

Review of related literature in the effects of using instructional materials

Some other researchers used test results or previous year result since they are studying performance for the specific subject or year Hijazi and Naqvi, and Hake, Many researchers have discussed the different factors that affect the student academic performance in their research.

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Internal classroom factors includes students competence in English, class schedules, class size, English text books, class test results, learning facilities, homework, environment of the class, complexity of the course material, teachers role in the class, technology used in the class and exams systems.

External classroom factors include extracurricular activities, family problems, work and financial, social and other problems. Harb and El-Shaarawi found that the most important factor with positive effect on students' performance is Parental Involvement.

A number of factors have contributed to declining class attendances around the world in the last 15 years. In recent times, students have found a need to seek employment while studying on a part-time basis due to financial constraints.

The numbers of part-time and mature students has also risen sharply. The use of information technology also means that information that used to be obtained from sitting through lectures can be obtained at the click of a mouse.

Indeed, web-based learning approaches have become the order of the day.

Review of related literature in the effects of using instructional materials

Based on these findings a number of stakeholders have called for mandatory class attendance. Although the existing evidence points to a strong correlation between attendance and academic performance, none of the studies cited above demonstrate a causal effect.

The inability of these cross-sectional studies to isolate attendance from a myriad of confounding student characteristics e.

The Status of Technology in the Education System: A Literature Review

Durden and Ellis, controlled for student differences in background, ability and 9 motivation, and reported a nonlinear effect of attendance on learning, that is, a few absences do not lead to poor grades but excessive absenteeism does. So there is no commonly agreed upon definition of quality that is applied to education field.

The definition of quality of education varies from culture to culture Michael, The environment and the personal characteristics of learners play an important role in their academic success. The school personnel, members of the families and communities provide help and support to students for the quality of their academic performance.

This social assistance has a crucial role for the accomplishment of performance goals of students at school Goddard, The concept of this technology came into being with the appearance of sound cards, then compact disks, then came the use of digital camera, then the video which made computer an essential educational tool.

Nowadays, multimedia expanded to become a field on its own. Interaction is the main element in multimedia technology as most of its applications are characterized by interaction. Multimedia programs provide different stimuli in their presentations which include a number of elements some of which are Aloraini,p.

These elements were mainstreamed in a comprehensive presentation so as to provide effective education, which in turn will support the participation of the different senses of the learners in diverse syllabi. Lifestyle behaviors adopted in childhood tend to track into adulthood, and more active children tend to be more active as adults than their sedentary peers, thus aiding in the prevention of diseases such as obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other health problems.

Unfortunately, physical activity among children and adolescents has declined, and increasing numbers of children are spending more time in sedentary activities. A review of the literature reveals that few studies have been conducted to evaluate the physical activity levels of elementary school children during a typical school day.

Likewise, few studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of physical activity on the classroom behavior of elementary school children. Additional research is also needed to evaluate the effectiveness of classroom-based physical activity programs on on-task behavior and academic performance.

Because on-task behavior can be directly linked to physical activity that is performed immediately preceding the observation period, it may be the most appropriate variable to evaluate relative to academic performance.

Test performance is influenced by factors other than physical activity performed at school and usually can be linked directly to physical activity behavior.

Literature review

Additional information on the effectiveness of classroom-based physical activity programs on academic performance e. Finally, it is recommended that students be tracked for several years to evaluate the chronic effects of a 12 classroom-based physical activity program on physical activity levels, body composition, and academic performance.

SOCIAL From Wikipediathe term psychosocial refers to one in psychological development in and interaction with a social environment. The individual is not necessarily fully aware of this relationship with his or her environment.CHAPTER 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies Foreign Literature Student Performance Galiher () and Darling (), used GPA to measure student performance because the main focus in the student .

Literature related specifically to Distance Education and Technology In this section discuss distance education and technology are discussed from the international perspective and selected projects that are local to British Columbia, Canada are described.


In this lesson, we will explore various reference materials that will allow you to increase your vocabulary. Common reference materials include dictionaries, glossaries, and thesauruses. Join with experts to observe chemistry in action and learn the laws and principles of this dynamic field.

Computer technology and special effects place students in a front-row seat to observe many processes, even those that are too dangerous or impractical to experience directly. In contrast, recent studies on ED and low sexual desire document a sharp increase in prevalence of such dysfunctions in men under One clear demonstration of this phenomenon relates to ED, and compares very large samples, all of which were assessed using the same (yes/no) question about ED as part of the Global Study of Sexual .

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