The Roman and Christian background Unity and diversity in the late Roman Empire The Roman Empire, the ancestor of the Byzantine, remarkably blended unity and diversitythe former being by far the better known, since its constituents were the predominant features of Roman civilization.
Sources The main sources for the reign of Aurelian were written about one hundred years afterwards, in the second half of the 4th century: Aurelius Victor whose description is partly lost []Eutropius and the Historia Augusta, a collection of imperial biographies which combines fiction and fact [].
Two Byzantine sources, Zosimus 5th-6th century and Zonaras 11thth centuryare also very important for Aurelian's reign. Inscriptions and coins provide additional information. Birth and origins, career before A. He was of humble origins, his father being a colonus tenant of a senator named Aurelius [].
Aurelian had a military career; as dux equitum commander of the cavalryhe Similarities between roman and byzantine empire the conspiracy against the emperor Gallienus in A.
Ascent to power A. But the soldiers in Sirmium revolted and proclaimed Aurelian emperor in May or September of that same year []. He defeated Quintillus and was confirmed by the senate after Quintillus had died under obscure circumstances []. The official propaganda claimed that on his deathbed Claudius II had designated Aurelian as his successor []; Aurelian later perhaps in A.
This was the last time that German tribes invaded Italy before the raid of Alaric and his Visigoths in A. The extreme pressure on the Roman Empire resulting from these invasions caused several rebellions: Septiminus or SeptimiusUrbanusand Domitianus revolted, and it seems that also Felicissimus' rebellion is to be dated to the beginning of Aurelian's reign see below chapters and The years and In A.
He also fortified other Italian cities, e. Pisaurum and Fanum Fortunae [].
His coins of this early phase clearly show that he promoted the army: Other coins emphasize the region where Aurelianus was born and later proclaimed emperor: He abandoned the province of Dacia north of the Danube.
As a compensation for the settlers that had left the abandoned province and to conceal the shame of abandoning Roman territory, he created a new province Dacia on the safer southern bank of the Danube on the territory of the provinces of Moesia and Thracia [].
The capital of this new province was Serdica today Sofiawhere a mint was opened in A. This new province was important for Aurelian's prestige: Since he had abandoned Roman territory, he had to create a new Dacia to replace the lost province.
The Palmyrene war A. When Aurelian came to power in A. Vaballathus in his coinage recognized Aurelian as emperor, but also called himself rex and imperator []. When Aurelian felt strong enough, he started his campaign. Marching through Asia Minor, he faced little resistance except for the city of Tyana [].
He was eager to show himself willing to gain the loyalty of the Easterners. In the summer of A. Zenobia and her general Zabdas flew to Emesa where Aurelian again defeated their army [].
Afterwards, he besieged and conquered Palmyra in the Syrian desert. Zenobia tried to escape to the Persians who had supported herbut was captured at the Euphrates []. The emperor spared her life, but the philosopher Longinus and other friends of hers whom she betrayed to Aurelian were put to death [].
Aurelianus assumed the titles Parthicus maximus and Persicus maximus and was hailed as restitutor Orientis. Returning to the west, Aurelian defeated the tribe of the Carpi in the Danube region in A.The Differences & Similarities Between the Byzantine & Islamic Empires In every meaningful way, the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Empire were fundamentally different.
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of the Roman Empire, Greek artwork had been spread throughout the region. Roman Dacia (also Dacia Traiana "Trajan Dacia" or Dacia Felix "Fertile/Happy Dacia") was a province of the Roman Empire from to – AD.
Its territory consisted of eastern and south-eastern Transylvania, the Banat and Oltenia (regions of modern Romania).It was from the very beginning organized as an imperial province, fitting a border area, and remained so throughout the Roman . Comparison between Byzantine & Roman Catholic Introduction For more than one thousand years after the death of Jesus Christ, Christianity as a religion remained united without any internal controversy and resultant branching.
A historical event, famously known as East-West Schism or Great schism in . It is important to note that the 'Byzantine Empire' is a modern term to describe what was the Eastern Roman Empire, the half of the empire that consisted, at different times, of parts of Italy (including Venice), Egypt, the Levant, modern Turkey (or Anatolia) Greece and portions of the Balkans as well as Libya.
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Classical culture was constantly being interrupted by invading German tribes.