Mahavir and Buddha were contemporaries and brought 2 great religions into this world.
The Buddhist texts mention Mahavira as an enlightened being. However some scholars believe that probably they belonged to different periods and had no contact with each other.
According to one version, Mahavira spent some time in the company of Gosala, the founder of Ajivika sect and the Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, before they parted ways on account of serious differences over doctrinal issues.
The period during which both Buddhism and Jainism rose to prominence was a period of great intellectual and religious churning in the Indian subcontinent. Many theistic and atheistic traditions competed with one another for popularity and acceptance.
Buddhism and Jainism had an added advantage in the form of Mahavira and the Buddha. Both were charismatic leaders with an ability to communicate convincingly with influential members of society and also organize their respective communities around the ideals and the doctrine they preached.
Followers of both religions often engaged in heated discussion over finer aspects of their beliefs and ridiculed each other. However both groups had their own respective differences with the vedic religion and the ideals it represented. Of the two, Buddhism was more pronounced in its criticism towards their common adversary.
The very fact that the Buddha denounced extreme asceticism and ritualism as The fundamental similarities between the mahavira and the buddha means to salvation indicate that he probably viewed Jainism as an orthodox tradition not much different from the vedic religion.
Both Buddhism and Jainism sought to attract the urban people for conversion. The Buddha and Mahavira frequently visited Benaras, Pataliputra and other popular cities to organize congregations and conversions, which must have led to some competition between the two communities for patronage, popularity and membership.
Following are some of the differences and similarities between Buddhism and Jainism. The Founders Jainism was founded and propagated by a lineage of several thirthankaras who hailed mostly from the royal families.
Some of the thirthankaras were historical personalities. The thirthankaras are worshipped in temples and religious places not as gods but as enlightened beings who manifest upon earth as a part of human destiny.
Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama who became the Buddha after he received enlightenment. Like Mahavira, he also hailed from a royal family. In Buddhism there is no tradition of thirthankaras or a lineage of preachers or prophets. It has only one prophet in the form of the Buddha himself and even his teachings need not have to be accepted by the Buddhist blindly because that was what the Buddha himself recommended before his parinirvana.
He wanted his followers to be lamps unto themselves, an idea that was echoed several centuries later by J. Krishnamurthy of the Theosophical Society when he declared that religion was a pathless land in which each had to find his or her own path.
Some Buddhists believe that the Buddha will reincarnate again some time in the future to revive the teachings of the Buddha. They deny the existence of God or the First Cause of creation. Buddhism may be considered more as an agnostic religion rather than atheistic.
He maintained silence on the issue of the existence of God and refused to be drawn into any conversation or discussion on the subject, declaring it to be a distraction with no apparent benefit in the liberation of man. Jainism acknowledges the presence of soul in every animate and inanimate object, including the elements of the universe, such as the earth, water, wind, fire and air.
In addition to these Jainism believes in the tattvas or principles of natures such as buddhithe sense organs etc. The Buddhists also believe in the tattvas of Prakriti but do not believe in the existence of eternal and indestructible souls.
They also do not believe that inanimate objects have life or individuality. Buddhism is distinguished for its concept of non-soul or anatma. They declare that a being is an aggregate of elements and parts which come into existence on account of karma and continues its journey onwards through becoming and changing because of desires till it achieves nirvana or a state of non-becoming by right conduct and right living.
The concept of a world filled with innumerable individual souls or clusters of souls, or souls lying hidden in rocks and mountains, rivers and lakes, or stars and planets is untenable in Buddhism.
The Existence of Divinities Both religions acknowledge the presence of gods as higher beings who, like us, are also subject to change and evolution according to their karma.
Most of the gods bear the same names as in Hinduism. But these counterparts are not the omnipotent and omniscient type. They are just beings of another plane or world, higher than ours, but with limited potency and knowledge.
Jainism believes in the existence of enlightened pure beings, called Jinas or Kevalins who manifest upon earth from time to time to preach the doctrine.
Buddhism also has its own group of enlightened beings known as Bodhisattvas, who are qualified for nirvana but prefer to postpone it to help the mankind in liberation. The Bodhisattvas take interest in the welfare of the world and work for its liberation.
The Kevalins are worshipped in temples and homes. But not all Buddhists worship the Buddha or the Bodhisattvas ritually except by some who belongs to sects such as Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism.Sep 03, · Statue of Mahavira Statue of Buddha (both statues chosen from Indian art; Korean and Thai Buddhas are different from Indian Buddha) Either they were the same person or if Buddha was born about 20 – 30 years after Mahavira, he must have heard .
The Anekantavada doctrine is another key difference between Jainism and Buddhism. The Buddha taught the Middle Way, rejecting extremes of the answer "it is" or "it is not" to metaphysical questions.
The Mahavira, in contrast, accepted both "it is" and "it is . Mar 28, · Mahavira's father's name was Siddhartha (Buddha's name), although that I'm sure is just a initiativeblog.com is the difference between Mahavira's and show more I find this quite interesting.
Both attained enlightenment and initiativeblog.com: Resolved. Both Mahavira and Buddha preached their doctrines in the language of the people. Differences between Jainism and Buddhism: A comparative study. Inspite of the similarities between the two creeds, the differences between them are great.
Jainism was an ancient creed .
We all know about similarities between Jesus and Horus. During cursory reading of Mahavira’s life I came across the following and complied them as best as I could.
Lineage. Gautama was 28th Buddha Mahavira was 24th Tirthankara. Place of birth. Both born in almost same place (when you consider the size of the subcontinent). Analyse the similarities and differences between Jainism and Buddhism Jyoti Similarities: (1) The source of both the religion is vedic religion and both and indebted to Upanishads Both Gautam Buddha and Mahavir belonged to princely families and not to priestly families.
(3) Both deny the existence of God. (4) Both denied the authority.