Thesis on affirmative action in higher education

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Thesis on affirmative action in higher education

Students, parents, and faculty are excited. But they are also nervous. These are difficult times for higher education in America.


At all but the nation's top colleges and universities, enrollments are down and budgets are strapped. Many explanations have been offered about why higher education is floundering: After all, how many assistant deans and new athletic fields does a college really need?

Far fewer than academic bureaucrats seem to think, in my humble opinion. The heavy-headed use of racial and ethnic preferences in student admissions, financial aid, and faculty hiring is also to blame, but almost nobody ever mentions that.

The explanation for the conspiracy of silence about affirmative action is easy to identify: As this year's entering class will quickly learn, higher education is dominated by the Left and racial preferences are the sacred cow of the Left.

Worse yet, critics of racial preferences are often retaliated against in both subtle and not so subtle ways. Opposition to preferential treatment is not well received at faculty meetings, to put it mildly. The term "affirmative action" originated with an executive order signed by President John F.

Kennedy on March 6, that was designed to promote non-discrimination in the United States. Johnson took the next major step when he issued an executive order of his own in that required government employers to take "affirmative action" to "hire without regard to race, religion and national origin.

Indeed, the people of Michigan were reacting to that discrimination when they amended the Michigan constitution in to forbid preferential treatment on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, and national origin in education, public employment, and contracting.

Supreme Court ruled, 6 to 2, in April in Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action that the people of Michigan were allowed to ban preferential treatment in the state. California's Propositionenacted a decade before the Michigan amendment, was motivated by similar concerns, and recent attempts to repeal it would adversely impact Asian-Americans in particular, who do extremely well in merit-based processes.

Admissions The Supreme Court has struggled for decades with how colleges and universities may use racial and ethnic preferences in admissions. At present, the law is this: The first point stems from the Supreme Court's 5 to 4 decision in the University of Michigan law school case.

The second is from the Court's ruling in the University of Texas case. If--and it's a big "if"--lower courts abide by the Supreme Court's directive, admissions programs across the nation will start dropping like flies because race is used heavy-handedly rather than modestly on almost every occasion.

If, however, lower courts continue to defer to academic institutions, the institutions will continue to dissemble and prevaricate in order to try to avoid having their illegal programs declared illegal.

That happened recently on remand in the U. We will have to wait and see what the Supreme Court does about it.

Thesis on affirmative action in higher education

Financial Assistance Many colleges and universities offer diversity scholarships that are awarded on the basis of race. While the Supreme Court has said that race may be a plus factor in admissions decisions, it has never said that race can be the basis for scholarship awards once an applicant has been admitted.

In the apt words of Terry Pell, the president of the Center for Individual Rights, "A scholarship awarded on the basis of race inevitably stigmatizes talented minority applicants, who come to be recognized for their race rather than their considerable academic achievements.

Affirmative Action in Higher Education

Indeed the quote from Terry Pell was in response to a lawsuit that the public interest organization he heads filed against the University of Connecticut earlier this summer. The suit alleges that Pamela Swanigan was not allowed to compete for a prestigious merit-based scholarship despite being the top applicant the year she applied.

Although UConn told Swanigan, who is biracial, that she had received a merit-based scholarship, it had actually changed her award to one in a less prestigious and largely segregated scholarship program intended to increase diversity.

Consequently, she was deprived of the opportunity to compete for an academic award that would have benefitted her career, and she also has been forced to work multiple jobs to finish her degree.Furthermore, Affirmative Action aims at the higher levels of society - universities and skilled jobs, but if we want to improve our society, the best way to do it is to concentrate on families, children, early education, and the like, so .

“Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and culture from which they have been historically excluded.

Pew Research Center surveys in and again in found that more than 60 percent of Americans support affirmative action programs designed to increase the number of minority students on campuses.

But underneath those numbers is a racial and partisan divide that underscores our challenge. Lisa M. Rudgers and Julie A. Peterson led communications during the University of Michigan’s defense of affirmative action in the Gratz and Grutter cases.

They are co-founders of Peterson Rudgers Group, a higher education strategy and branding firm. Affirmative Action in Higher Education In its tumultuous forty year history, affirmative action has been both praised and attacked as an answer to racial inequality. The policy was introduced by President Lyndon Johnson in as a method of redressing discrimination that persisted despite civil right efforts and constitutional guarantees.

Aug 15,  · Affirmative Action and the Crisis in Higher Education. Bluntly stated, there is systematic discrimination in all three categories of affirmative action in higher education: admissions.

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